Victoria Deiorio

Attributes of Biophilic Design

Light - Air - Water - Plants - Animals - Weather - Landscape/Ecosystem - Fire


Nature is a part of our humanity, and without some awareness and experience of that divine mystery man ceases to be man. When the Pleiades and the wind in the grass are no longer a part of the human spirit, a part of very flesh and bone, man becomes, as it were, a cosmic outlaw, having neither the completeness and integrity of the animal nor the birthright of a true humanity.
— Henry Beston


Creating Healthy Habitats

Biophilic design can reduce stress, enhance creativity and clarity of thought, improve our well-being and expedite healing; as the world population continues to urbanize, these qualities are ever more important. Theorists, research scientists, and design practitioners have been working for decades to define aspects of nature that most impact our satisfaction with the built environment

Biophilic Design points the way toward creating healthy and productive habitats for modern humans.

Needing Nature

Biophilic Design is an innovative way of designing the places where we live, work, and learn. We need nature in a deep and fundamental fashion, but we have often designed our cities and suburbs in ways that both degrade the environment and alienate us from nature. The recent trend in green architecture has decreased the environmental impact of the built environment, but it has accomplished little in the way of reconnecting us to the natural world, the missing piece in the puzzle of sustainable development.


The relationship between humankind and nature can be one of respect and love rather than domination.

The outcome can be rich, satisfying, and lastingly successful, but only if both partners are modified by their association so as to become better adapted to each other.

With our knowledge and sense of responsibility, we can create new environments that are ecologically sound, aesthetically satisfying, economically rewarding.
— René Dubos, The Wooing of the Earth


The Principles of Biophilic Design

1. Biophilic design requires repeated and sustained engagement with nature.

2. Biophilic design focuses on human adaptations to the natural world that over evolutionary time have advanced people’s health, fitness and wellbeing. 

3. Biophilic design encourages an emotional attachment to particular settings and places. 

4. Biophilic design promotes positive interactions between people and nature that encourage an expanded sense of relationship and responsibility for the human and natural communities. 

5. Biophilic design encourages mutual reinforcing, interconnected, and integrated architectural solutions.


The problem of man and nature is not one of providing a decorative background for the human play, or even ameliorating the grim city: it is the necessity of sustaining nature as a source of life, milieu, teacher, sanctum, challenge and, most of all, of rediscovering nature’s corollary of the unknown in the self, the source of meaning.
— Ian McHarg, Landscape Architect